Additive Manufacturing of Watertight Parts

Orion AM 3D Prints Underwater Camera Housings for Aquaculture Farms

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Non-Invasive Monitoring of Aquaculture Systems

Through the help of the AMable consortium Orion AM has developed a 3D printed underwater camera housing for MonitorFish. Orion AM used its proprietary Thermal Radiation Heating technology in an additive manufacturing process to effectively fuse the printed layers together, resulting in an airtight 3D printed part.  The housing is used for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Aquaculture Systems (NIMAS) and is being deployed to help optimize aquaculture efficiency and improve food security.  

Innovating faster

 The idea for the NIMAS project started when the founders of MonitorFish had troubles finding a dependable partner to manufacture their prototype camera housing while keeping up with customer demands.  The early prototypes required many design iterations and took a minimum of 4 weeks to manufacture using traditional machining fabrication methods.  The team quickly turned to FFF 3D printing but quickly realized that the resulting parts suffered from delamination and were not watertight.  This is when they were introduced to Orion AM, who was working on a revolutionary additive manufacturing process that improves inter-layer bonding, thus the potential to create watertight parts.

Odoo text and image block
Odoo image and text block

Design to Manufacture

The NIMAS camera housing was developed by Orion AM in collaboration with MonitorFish and 3D printed on Orion’s A150 system using ABS material.  The design evolved through several iterations, each iteration achieving drastic improvements on functionality, manufacturability and print time.  The final design took 30 hours to 3D print and required some light post-processing such as sanding and tapping of the threads at the sealing interfaces.  After the post processing, the housing was tested for air tightness at 600mbar vacuum pressure for 48 hours.  No chemical processing was required for achieving airtight properties.

The 3D printed solution enables faster innovation by going straight from design to manufacturing of a functional end-use part using Orion AM’s FFF process with a common industrial material.  This resulted in a reduction of lead time from 4+ weeks to 48 hours (93% reduction in lead time) and reduction of costs by approximately 50%.

The laboratory tests revealed impressive mechanical properties, proving that Orion AM’s proprietary Thermal Radiation Heating process not only improves inter-layer bonding, but also increases tensile strength, elastic modulus and greatly reduces porosity.  

Mechanical Properties


Ultimate Tensile Strength - XY


Ultimate Tensile Strength - XZ


Ultimate Tensile Strength - ZX


E-Modulus - XY


E-Modulus - XZ


E-Modulus - ZX


This project was made possible through support of the AMable consortium and the help of Phanindra Giddaluri at MonitorFish.  A big thanks goes out to Rob Kleijnen at Inspire for his guidance and mentorship, Alice Wise at MTC for her assistance with the design optimizations and Guy Bex at TNO for the mechanical and porosity testing.